Executive Summary: Increasingly, herder-farmer conflict has become a major security concern across sub-Saharan Africa. Evidence suggests that increase in population, the depletion of environmental resources, and weak cross-border institutions of law and order as well as regional instability have altered the migration patterns, pushing pastoralists to move towards more fertile 1 areas in search of greener pastures.
In Southern Kaduna, there have accumulated grievances over a long period of time which are capable of triggering violent conflicts. These grievances are linked to factors such as issues o f p e r c e i v e d i n j u s t i c e i n g o v e r n a n c e b y v a r i o u s administrations. Such injustices include the establishment of federal government institutions, mostly located in northern Kaduna, appointment of key government officials favoured Northern Kaduna over the Southern part. Additionally, there is growing indigene-settler contestations over land distribution, access to power and privileges, and political manipulations of ethnic and religious differences. In other words, political opportunism plays an important role in the conflict.
Traditional, political, and religious leaders often manipulate public sentiments and encourage violence for political expediency. For full report contact KukahCentre


HISTORY AND BACKGROUND: As a result, 2015 was the first Presidential election since the return to civil rule in 1999 that was not contested in the courts of law. Further, the
massive violence that most people feared never materialized; an indication of the continuing growth, some will even say, maturation of our
young democracy.
One can only hope that by this example, electoral contests in Africa will cease to be zero sum games where both incumbents and those challenging them will accept the will of the people as expressed through a free and fair balloting process.
I will be remiss if I end this without specially thanking the members of the committee who worked so hard and scarified so much to help bring about this outcome. They are all great patriots who passionately embraced the assignment as an altruistic call to national service and were undeterred by the occasional, but intense public scrutiny of the Committee’s work.
For the record, no member of the Committee asked for or received any remuneration. Support to the Committee was limited to the transportation and accommodation of members during meetings.
The success of the Committee shows that Nigerians are peace loving people who are open to resolving their differences through dialogue, if they can 􀆡nd a trusted platform to facilitate the process. This undoubtedly was what they saw in the Peace Committee given the integrity and non partisanship of its members.
The peaceful outcome of the 2015 General Elections underscores what is possible in this great country if we can all work towards building a just and democratic society for all citizens. As 2019 beckons, let us all recommit ourselves to the ideals of justice, peace and national unity and may God, continue to bless and protect the Federal Republic of Nigeria.  For full report contact KukahCentre