It has a fairly large shrinkage rate, with a lot of seasonal movement in service, and its strength properties are mediocre for a hardwood. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Uses: Japanese holly is a popular subject for bonsai enthusiasts, and can be used as a substitute for boxwood. The leaves have also been used externally in the treatment of sore eyes, sore and itchy skin. It is also used for knife handles and black piano keys. Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties The Rodale Herb Book: How to Use, Grow, and Buy Nature’s Miracle Plants (An Organic gardening and farming book), edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974. Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Warning | Bibliography, Young leaves, fresh or dried, and bark Holly trees, such as American holly and the Nellie Stevens variety, as well as some taller holly shrubs, can be used as privacy hedges to screen out traffic or neighbors, or as striking accent plants on a lawn. According to other legends, holly blessed the home with prosperity and good fortune provided the plant was not removed from the Christmas decorations until the New Year, and in some countries it was never disturbed until Candlemas Day (February 2). These fruits are also an important food source in the winter for … The Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. To the early Christians, however, the thorny foliage and flaming red berries of the holly represented the crown of thorns with drops of blood falling to the ground. You can use hollies as a single specimen evergreen or for framing the corners of your home. Holly is often commonly used for ornamental plantings. They are used in the treatment of children's diarrhoea, colic and indigestion. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Back to Top. Ilex species are evergreen trees or shrubs with stiff, leathery leaves. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. The same attributes that allow this tree to be a desirable ornamental make it one of the most sought after greens for Christmas decoration. Family: Aquifoliaceae. Ingestion can cause vomiting, diarrhea, stupor, dehydration, and electrolyte imbalance. I. opaca fruit tea had been used as a cardiac stimulant by the American Indians; the Chinese used it to treat coronary disease. Wildlife Use. Some believe that the leaves can be used a… We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Photo by: Spring Meadow Nursery. WARNING(S): Fruits are poisonous, see Notes. See instructions, Eating Peppers Could Hold the Key to Parkinson’s Prevention, Civil War Era Medicinals Found Potentially Effective Against Infection, Broccoli’s Cancer-Fighting Potential Revealed. American Holly Ilex opaca. AMERICAN HOLLY Ilex opaca Ait. Holly’s wood is white and close-grained, and found to be excellent for inlaid marquetry and to make tool handles and chess pieces. Fruits considered mildly poisonous, inducing violent vomiting and are dangerous to small children. It also does well in city conditions as long as it is not exposed to strong winds. Settlers in the southeastern United States made yaupon tea from I. vomitoria, reserving a stronger decoction for use as an emetic. It is also thought to be helpful as a blood purifying tonic for chronic rheumatic ailments and disorders. Back to Top. Holly branches and leaves were tied together into a large bundle then attached to the middle of a long rope. It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen Hollies planted by him are still in evidence today. Berries are poisonous, will induce violent vomiting. But websites are not free to host or maintain. Ilex aquifolium, Ilex opaca, Ilex vomitoria. It is used for engraving blocks, cabinet inlays, handles, and other specialty items. The holly is definitely a great screening plant and makes a perfect low maintenance privacy hedge. American holly is slow-growing and should be planted in a position of partial shade. The powers of evil hated the yew and found the holly equally obnoxious, the reason being that the yew was generally found growing in churchyards and the word “holly” is similar in sound to the word “holy”. The American holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served the Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. The American holly makes an excellent privacy screen and security fence and can easily be pruned to hedge form. The liquid obtained from boiling holly leaves in water can be used to reduce fever. Most holly plants are considered to have poisonous fruits to one degree or another. American holly originates from the eastern part of the United States, and it thrives in coastal and wetlands areas. The flowers are often white and produce fruits that range in color from black to bright red or yellow. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. By clicking on an affiliate link and placing an order or clicking on an ad, this website receives a small commission which is used to cover hosting and maintenance expenses. Externally, for sores, itching. This plant has a number of other common names, including Flowers are followed by clusters of round red berries in midwinter. Historically, American holly fruit tea was used as a heart stimulant by American Indians. The fruits can cause violent vomiting[222]. The strength (MOR) of holly is 10,300 psi. American holly grows in fertile wetlands and sandy coastal areas among red maples, sweetgum, slash pine, and southern red oak. The stiffness (MOE) … The genus Ilex consists of more than 400 species and requires a wet and equable climate. They claimed this to be the true reason the herb was magically protective when brought into the home, shielding mortals from evil spirits that wandered over the land during bleak winter months. The leaves are believed to have diuretic, laxative and sudorific (induce sweating) properties but in today’s herbal medicine holly is rarely used. Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Historical records show pre-Christian European pagans offering holly branches as gifts during the Roman festival of Saturnalia. Fruits red or orange (rarely yellow); Bark is smooth and grayish-brown. Epiphany Many people in the United States annually observe Epiphany, or … The American Holly was a popular tea during the American Civil War. Plant Symbol = ILOP Contributed by: USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program Uses The attractive evergreen foliage and bright red fruit of this small tree make it a very popular for landscaping. The massive amount of content on this website is made available to readers as a gift. English and American holly plants are the best known types of Ilex probably due to their large size, striking foliage, and long association with the Christmas season. When they are taken under certain circumstances, the berries may even lead to intense sickness and death. The early settlers in the southeastern United States made yaupon tea from I. vomitoria, reserving a stronger decoction for use as an emetic. Holly also accepts stain admirably—so much so that it was once called "dye wood." Back to Top. Zones: 7-10 Botanical name: Ilex vomitoria History: Native Americans brewed the leaves and stems for a drink that was used in … Early history records the European pagans offering holly branches as gifts during the Saturnalia. Traditionally the leaves and berries of the holly tree are very popular as decorations around the holidays. American holly Legal Status. Another beverage made from the leaves of I. cassine and I. vomitoria was used as a stimulant tea in the southern United States during the Civil War. It is also used as a remedy for bronchitis, arthritis, and rheumatism. [36] The spines of some leaves may tear or puncture skin or mucus membranes. The mixed leaves of Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria, and Ilex dahoon also were used for a hot drink called yaupon or black drink. Back to Top, Diuretic, purgative, astringent, expectorant, reduces fever. Roots are shallow and finely branched, and rarely invasive due to their great number and relatively small diameter. There are no clinical studies of holly to provide a basis for dosage recommendations. In this country, American holly is … They recognized American Holly as an obvious substitute for their English holly (Ilex aquifolium) holiday traditions, and decorative and landscape usage soon exploded. The leaves of both species are similar in outline and toothed and bristled very much the same way, but the leaves are brighter in the American holly and larger. A number of members of the genus Ilex are referred to as "holly. American holly is often used as a substitute for English holly (Ilex aquifolium) in Christmas decorations where the latter does not grow well. Comments: Holly is typically used only for ornamental and decorative purposes. Available for Android and iOS devices. It is also used … Although no fatalities have been reported, case reports found human toxicity. Chewing only 10-12 berries acts as a strong laxative, emetic, and diuretic. In many Western Christian cultures, holly is a traditional Christmas decoration, used especially in wreaths and illustrations, for instance on Christmas cards. The European holly is smaller than the American holly, but closely resembles the American holly. Historically, the holly berries were used as decorative buttons by the American Indians. The shorter Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox Argentea' reaches a moderate height of 15 feet and spreads 8-10 feet. Commonly used as an ornamental decoration, the American Holly is also a great an option for attracting birds. The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. The dark green leaves are alternate, elliptical, and spiny. Contraindications have not yet been identified. But Europeans brought demand for American Holly to a whole new level. The Chinese know a holly (Ilex pedunculosa) that they call Tung-ch’ing. American holly wood has been used to make furniture, canes and scroll work. The wood has also been stained black and substituted for ebony in inlay work. Its wood is close grained and hard, but not very strong. Bark tea once used in malaria and epilepsy. Yaupon, Appalachian tea, cassena, deer berry, Indian holly, and Indian black drink also are commonly discussed with the hollies. The liquid obtained from boiling holly leaves in water can be used to reduce fever. An Instant Guide to Medicinal Plants, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992). Holly is primarily used as a holiday decoration. Twigs are gray or brown. Myths about holly associated the plant with control, which is why many whips for coach drivers were made from coppiced holly. That came to halt in the 1940s with the development of plastic wreaths [source: Delaware Forest Service]. While it enjoys full sun in the morning, it will need protection from the intense light and heat of the afternoon with some shade. One of the most economically important species, Ilex paraguayensis or Maté tea (see separate monograph), has long been cultivated and used in Brazil and Paraguay as a tea-like beverage containing caffeine. Prior to their arrival, American Holly leaves had been used by Native Americans to make tea to treat cough, and berries had been used to make buttons. New Year's Day is the first day of the Gregorian calendar, which is widely used in many countries such as the USA. The American Holly (Ilex Opaca) was established as the official state tree of Delaware in 1939.In the 1930s, Delaware was the holly capital of the U.S.A., employing more than 8,500 in the wreath-making business. It is also used as a remedy for bronchitis, arthritis, and rheumatism. A tea made from the bark was once used … Some varieties of English holly plants grow quite tall. The American holly, called the … The American Holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. Common names are from state and federal lists. Plants in the holly family have been used as ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries. Bark is smooth and light-gray. White flowers grow in axillary clusters, those on the female plants developing into scarlet, berry-like drupes that remain through the winter. Native Americans chewed berries for colic, indigestion. American holly related … Select one or more newsletters to continue. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. Holly is an iconic holiday decoration; its branches are used to decorate homes and churches. Mixed woods. Garden Goods Direct Evergreen Holly Shrubs are hugely popular for their easy growing and versatile uses. Plants in the holly family have been used as ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries The first scientific observation of the American Holly tree was recorded in 1744. Caution should be taken where children are concerned. Historically, it has been used in teas as an emetic and a CNS stimulant. American holly is ideal for use as a street or courtyard tree (with lower branches removed), framing tree, specimen, barrier planting or screen. Holly shrubs, such as inkberry, are commonly used in foundation plantings or as borders for gardening plots. Although holly berries have been used by some in a purgative capacity, they can also cause excessive diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration. Since medieval times the plant has carried a Christian symbolism , [38] as expressed in the traditional Christmas carol " The Holly and the Ivy ", in which the holly represents Jesus and the ivy represents the Virgin Mary . The herb has sometimes been used internally in the form of a hot tea to reduce fever, treat bronchitis, common coldand some digestive disorders. It is also widely known as the basic raw material for Christmas wreaths. Holly Berries. Sprigs are familiar Christmas decoration. American holly is ideal for use as a street or courtyard tree (with lower branches removed), framing tree, specimen, barrier planting or scree… The major areas of distribution are Central and South America. Today, the wood from the holly tree is used for the manufacturing of canes, scroll work, furniture and inlay work. American Holly: Family: Aquifoliaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-8: Known Hazards: Although no specific reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, the fruits of at least some members of this genus contain saponins and are slightly toxic. Interestingly, the American Holly and the English Holly were used to clean chimneys because of their stiff, toothy leaves. They can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and stupor if eaten in quantity[274]. Birds such as blue jays, cedar waxwings, robins, mockingbirds, red-bellied woodpeckers, and wild turkey eat the fruits of American holly, as do mammals such as raccoon and deer. The North American species are largely ornamental and derived from Central and South American species. Male and female flowers appear on separate trees and trees of both sexes must be located in the same neighborhood to ensure production of berries on the female plants. The plants in the holly family have been used as ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries. American Holly Description: Small to medium-sized evergreen tree, characterized by toothed, leathery-feeling leaves and beautiful red berries. Use under medical supervision. They are distributed worldwide except in arctic or arid regions. The custom is followed in North America, and holly and mistletoe are widely used for decoration of homes and churches. YAUPON 'Nana' Yaupon Holly. It does glue easily, however, and it resists splitting from screws and nails if you use pilot holes. It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen hollies he planted are still evident today. Flowering time from May to June. Description: Evergreen tree with smooth, leathery leaves. The spiny, dull green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter. A tea made from the leaves has been used as a treatment for measles, colds etc. Early Christians decorated their homes with holly during the Christmas season, a practice that still continues today. Often the most effective treatment involves a responsible blend of both modern and traditional treatments. In addition, an extract made from the fresh leaves has been used to treat jaundice. copyright 1974. As broadleaf evergreens, hollies make ideal privacy screens around pools because there are no leaves or needles to clean up. I. opaca fruit tea was used as a cardiac … Evergreen tree; grows to 90 feet tall. Leaf tea for measles, colds, flu, pneumonia; drops for sore eyes. Leaves (5-10 cm or 2-4 in) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green above and yellow-green beneath. American holly is a beautifully shaped tree, with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form. Engraving blocks, cabinet inlays, handles, and Indian black drink also are commonly used the! 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