Increasingly, herder-farmer conflict has become a major security concern across sub-Saharan Africa. Evidence suggests that increase in population, the depletion of environmental resources, and weak cross-border institutions of law and order as well as regional instability have altered the migration patterns, pushing pastoralists to move towards more fertile 1 areas in search of greener pastures.
In Southern Kaduna, there have accumulated grievances over a long period of time which are capable of triggering violent conflicts. These grievances are linked to factors such as issues of perceived injustice in governance by various administrations. Such injustices include the establishment of federal government institutions, mostly located in northern Kaduna, appointment of key government officials favoured Northern Kaduna over the Southern part.